English to English
1. the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth
2. the state of being actual or real
the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him
3. (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
4. an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
5. (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
6. As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem (Plato), or in re (Aristotle).