English to English
1. appearing earlier in the same text
flaws in the above interpretation
2. at an earlier place
3. in or to a place that is higher
4. In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above.
5. an earlier section of a written text
for instructions refer to the above
6. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath.